Weeks 1-3 Sociology Terms

Altruism To care for or put the needs of other people ahead of your own personal needs
Cluster a group or gathering of types of people or things
Collective a large group who act together for a common purpose
Communities May be thought of as collections of people with a social structure within societies (although, in the digital age this has wider meaning). Communities have a sense of belonging.
Contagion or contagious The rapid spread of a disease or of an idea due to close contact with others.
Epidemic the contagious spread of disease, like flu or cholera.
Ethnicity / Ethnic group A social group or subgroup: a tribe, the Bedouins, or identity by language, or regional identity
Globalisation / globalism Post WWII rapid spread of global trade, industry and marketing by large MNCs like Coca-Cola or the dominance of English, Hollywood etc.
Hierarchy Any system of persons or things ranked one above another.
Institutions Structures that meet the needs of society (e.g. educational systems, marriage, financial institutions, laws etc…)
Interact Act in such a way as to have an effect on each other; communicate or be involved directly
Localism / anti-globalism the emphasis on local products, defense of one’s economy, own language or customs against standardized globalisation
Macrosociology The whole society, population, institutions, war, poverty, the economy and how they affect the individual
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs A theory of how people prioritize their needs from infancy to adulthood
Methodology The approach or steps taken in setting about a task, problem, etc.
Microsociology The individual or small group like the family, schools, groups and how they affect society.
Norm what is considered acceptable or customary behavior as in a social norm
Social to be part of a society or to reflect an aspect of human interaction
social class a division of a society based on social and economic status.
Social Network a social structure of interactions between individuals or organizations and the relationships that form and move
Society Is a large social grouping that shares the same geographical territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Stratification The hierarchical or vertical division of society according to rank, caste, or class.
Structural Functionalism Views society as a system of interdependent parts whose functions contribute to the stability and survival of the system.
Systematic Having, showing, or involving an ordered method, or plan
Widower Effect The emotional, physical and social impact when one’s spouse, wife, husband or someone close to you dies
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